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Citing Sources

Works Cited & Bibliography

1. Book

Author Last Name, First Name. Book Title. The Publisher, Publication Date.

Example: Crystal, David. Language Play. U of Chicago P, 1998.

2. Work in an Anthology/Book Chapter/Encyclopedia Entry

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of Selection/Chapter.” Book Title, edited by Editor Name, The Publisher, Publication Date, pp. Page Numbers.

Example: Komunyakaa, Yusef. "Facing It." The Seagull Reader, edited by Joseph Kelly, Norton, 2000, pp. 126-27.

3. Article from a Database Accessed Through a Subscription Service

Author Last Name, First Name.  “Title of the Work.” Publication Information. Name of the Database, Location. Date of Access.

Example:  Collins, Ross F.  "Cattle Barons and Ink Slingers:  How Cow Country Journalists Created a Great American Myth."  American Journalism, vol. 24, no. 3, Summer 2007, pp. 7-29. Communication and Mass Media Complete, doi:10.1080/08821127.2007.10678077. Accessed 7 Feb. 2008.

4. Article from an Online Scholarly Journal

Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of the Work." Publication Information, Location. Date of Access.

Example: Mery, Yvonne. “Sidecar Learning: A New e-Learning Platform for Librarians.” Journal of the Medical Library Association, vol. 108, no. 4, Oct. 2020, pp. 643–644, doi:10.5195/jmla.2020.1048. Accessed 3 Nov. 2020.

Note: If the journal is online-only and does not include page numbers, you can omit them from your citation.

5. Work from a Website

Author Last Name, First Name. “Title of the Document.” Website Name, Date of Publication, Location. Date of Access.

Example:  "Media Matters Launches 'Hands Off Public Broadcasting' Campaign." Media Matters for America, 24 May 2005, Accessed 3 Nov. 2020.


Adapted from: Everyday Writer, 4th ed. (Lunsford)


In Text Citations

1. Citation Using a Signal Phrase
In his discussion of Monty Python Routines, Crystal notes that the group relished “breaking the normal rules” of language (107).

2. Parenthetical Citation
A noted linguistic explains that Monty Python humor often relied on “bizarre linguistic interactions” (Crystal 108).

3. Multiple Authors
Gortner, Hebrun, and Nicolson maintain that “opinion leaders” influence other people in an organization because they are respected, not because they hold high positions (175).

4. Unknown Author
One analysis defines hype as “an artificially engendered atmosphere of hysteria” (“Today’s Marketplace” 51).

Source:  Everyday Writer, 4th ed. (Lunsford)

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