Keywords are the terms that you type into the search box in a library database. They are the essential terms for your idea, the most important words describing your topic.
Before you can begin searching for information in a resource, you need to identify keywords related to your topic.
Key terminology can be be found by scanning:
Use subject terms assigned to works in library catalogs or research databases.
Once you have identified keywords, use the following techniques to build search strings for searching in library catalogs, databases, and search engines to quickly find more relevant sources to use in your research:
|Boolean Operators||Search Modifiers|
AND combines different ideas or concepts, narrowing the search.
Example: fairy tales AND gender
Results will contain both the words fairy tales and gender
Phrase Searching allows adjacent words to be kept together.
Example: “Snow White”
Results will contain words Snow and White together as an exact phrase.
OR is used when adding synonyms, different spellings, similar concepts, etc., increasing the number of results
Example: fairy tales OR folklore
Results will contain one or more of the words fairy tales and folklore
Truncation broadens search to include various word endings and spellings.
Results will contain terms that begin with histor, e.g., history, histories, historical
NOT excludes terms to make the search more specific, reducing the number of results.
Example: Snow White NOT film
Results will not contain the word film
Nesting utilizes parentheses to control the logical order in which words are interpreted by the system.
Example:(fairy tales or folklore) AND gender
Results will include the word gender and either or both the words fairy tales and folklore
M. Ekoniak, "Engineering culture and LGBTQ engineers' use of social change strategies," 2013 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE), 2013, pp. 580-581, doi: 10.1109/FIE.2013.6684890.