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Libraries Course Guides

SOC 408: Picca

A course guide for students in Dr. Picca's SOC 408 course


Welcome to the University of Dayton Libraries' guide to SOC 408. Click on the tabs to explore the many resources available to support the research requirements for this course.

Peer-reviewed primary sources in the social sciences

Primary sources in the social sciences differ from those used in the humanities. This page from Drew University points out what primary research articles in the sciences look like.  

Characteristics of peer reviewed primary sources include the following: 

1. Report original research, ideas, or scientific discoveries for the first time
2. Report results/findings/data from experiments or research studies
3. May also be referred to as primary research, primary articles, or research studies
4. DO NOT include meta-analyses, systematic reviews, or literature reviews.  These are secondary sources
5. Should explain the research methodology used (randomized controlled trial, etc)
6. Frequently include methods, results, and discussion sections
7. Are factual, not interpretive

Adapted from


The video below also explains more about primary peer reviewed sources.  Although created for the sciences, the video also shows that articles from the social sciences share many of the same characteristics.

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