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BIO 299

Recommended resources for BIO299.

Article Databases

What Is A Primary Research Article?

Primary research articles

  • are original scientific reports of new research findings
    • do not include review articles, which summarize the research literature on a particular subject, or articles using meta-analyses, which analyze pre-published data
  • usually include the following sections: IntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussion, References
  • are peer-reviewed (examined by expert(s) in the field before publication)
    • a peer-reviewed article is not the same as a review article, which summarizes the research literature on a particular subject

Secondary sources

  • are summaries or interpretations of original research – not the original research itself
  • are often useful and easier-to-read summaries of research in an area
  • references or citations can point the way to useful primary research articles.
  • acceptable formats may include books (find these through the library catalog) and review articles (articles which organize and critically analyze the research of others on a topic)
  • blogs, YouTube videos, newspaper articles, book reviews, press releases and .com websites are NOT among formats usually appropriate as sources in scientific research

Evaluating Resources

Adapted from Reynolds Community College Libraries

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