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Libraries Course Guides

CJS 316: Siekman-Hall

Research guide for Stacey Siekman-Hall's Criminal Justice Ethics (CJS 316) class.

Finding Scholarly Articles

Use the databases listed below to begin searching for scholarly articles.

Try these Search Tips!

  • Check the box that says "Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals"
  • Limit your date range to find more recent works
  • Click on the item title to go to the Detailed Record page
    • Read the abstract
    • Look at the author's credentials
    • Check the publication type and journal name
    • Access the "Cite" link for a sample citation, but always double check for accuracy!

Criminal Justice Related Databases

What Is A Primary Research Article?

Primary research articles

  • are original scientific reports of new research findings
    • do not include review articles, which summarize the research literature on a particular subject, or articles using meta-analyses, which analyze pre-published data
  • usually include the following sections: IntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussion, References
  • are peer-reviewed (examined by expert(s) in the field before publication)
    • a peer-reviewed article is not the same as a review article, which summarizes the research literature on a particular subject

Secondary sources

  • are summaries or interpretations of original research – not the original research itself
  • are often useful and easier-to-read summaries of research in an area
  • references or citations can point the way to useful primary research articles.
  • acceptable formats may include books (find these through the library catalog) and review articles (articles which organize and critically analyze the research of others on a topic)
  • blogs, YouTube videos, newspaper articles, book reviews, press releases and .com websites are NOT among formats usually appropriate as sources in scientific research
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